In Latin, wine is called vinum, which is also reflected in the Roman proverb: "in vinum veritas" (truth lies in wine). What is meant by the idiom is the tendency of drinkers to become talkative from a certain alcohol content and thus to speak about things that they would otherwise have been careful not to say.
Luca Maroni, born in 1961, is one of the most distinguished and renowned wine connoisseurs in Italy. He comes from wine journalism and, in addition to his expertise, he acquired his keen judgment in this profession. To date, he has tasted and rated over 2,300 different wines, using his own rating system that goes up to 100 points and is made up of the categories of consistency, balance and integrity. He has never awarded 100 points before. Luca Maroni, when asked about it, replied half-jokingly and half-seriously that if he awarded 100 points, he would have achieved his goal and could retire.
Can be stored
Storage is one of the criteria that determine the quality of a wine. However, the old adage that wines taste better with age has lost much of its meaning. The reason for this is that wines are now mainly produced in such a way that they reach their peak of taste as soon as they are opened quickly. Only about 3 to 10 percent of all wines improve with storage time.
The remaining wines only keep for one to two years, with red wines tending to have the longest shelf life. This is not followed by the rosé wines, but by the white wines, because rosé wines lose their light raspberry and strawberry aroma very quickly and should therefore be tasted as soon as possible.
Other factors for a long shelf life are a high proportion of natural preservatives alcohol, tannins, acids and residual sugar. Sulphites, the salts and esters of sulfuric acid, also increase the shelf life of a wine. The grape variety also determines the storability of a wine, as does the time of harvest. In general, older grape varieties have a longer shelf life than young grape varieties. In addition, wines that have been stored in barriques have a longer shelf life than wines that have been aged in seaweed. Finally, the PH value also has an influence on the storability of a wine. You can support the shelf life by providing optimal storage conditions. A wine cellar and a wine cabinet are best suited for this, because the wine is best kept at constant temperatures of around 10 to 12 degrees Celsius in dark rooms with high humidity.
Portugal has a wine culture that is based on a long shelf life is specialized. In Portugal, high-quality wines are produced again and again, which only develop their full potential after years. Examples of highly storable Portuguese wines are the Madeira, Port, Moscatel de Setúbal, Garrafeira and the Reserva. However, the record for a long shelf life is a wine from France. The Tannat has such intense astringent tannins that it can only be tasted after 20 years without this unpleasant, furry mouthfeel.
DOC and DOCG designation of origin created in the 1990s for wines from the hilly landscape of the same name in the Italian region of Piedmont, from which the famous DOCG Barolo and Barbaresco wines also come. A number of varietal wines and blends are marketed under the name of the apellation. In addition to the traditional Piedmontese grape varieties such as Nebbiolo, Barbera and Dolcetto, international grape varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay are also available.
a demarcated vineyard area (single site) or the combination of several neighboring areas (large site) within a growing region or a community that can produce wines of a similar character In Germany, single and large sites are legally defined as designations of origin for quality wines.
Collective name for a group of up to 60 northern Italian red wine grape varieties that are mainly cultivated in the Emilia-Romagna region, but also to a lesser extent in Lombardy, Puglia and Trentino-Alto Adige. Lambrusco is the main component of four DOC wines named after the variety: Lambrusco di Sorbara, Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro, Lambrusco di Salamino di Santa Croce and Lambrusco Mantovano. After Lambrusco wines were almost exclusively vinified with strong foam and sweetness up to the beginning of the 1990s, dry fillings of higher quality have been available again since then.
all the grapes picked at harvest; its state of health, its quality, its gentle treatment and its careful selection largely determine the quality of the wine.
Largest growing area in the Swiss canton of Vaud, located on the northern shore of Lake Geneva between Geneva and Lausanne. Since the 1990s, the gentle, hilly landscape has attracted attention with interesting wines from Gutedel (Chasselas), Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) and Gamay.
native red wine grape variety of the Italian province of South Tyrol, which is cultivated on almost 400 hectares of vineyards. According to some ampelographers, it is related to the Teroldego and Marzemino varieties, and possibly even to the French Syrah variety. Colour-intensive, fruity wines are made from Lagrein, which are given additional complexity by aging in barriques.
smelling or tasting like milk, butter or cheese. A term in wine language for wines with a lactic acid tinge.
D.O. Designation of Origin for wines from the Autonomous Spanish Region of Castile-La Mancha; the largest Spanish D.O. and at the same time the largest quality wine region in the world, with its 193,000 hectares of vineyards, occupies almost the entire southern half of the high plateau of the so-called Meseta. Above all, the white wine grape variety Airen is cultivated, but also white varieties such as Macabeo (Viura), Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc as well as the red Tempranillo (Cencibel), Grenache (Garnacha), Moravia, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah. The area mainly produces simple wines, but has potential for more sophisticated products.
famous Grand Cru apellation of the commune of Vosne-Romanée on the Côte de Nuits in Burgundy, France; On 6.10 hectares of vineyards only Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) is cultivated, which produces very strong and aging wines..