Piedmont Wine Lexicon - L

Latin wine

In Latin the wine is called vinum, which is also reflected in the Roman proverb: "in vinum veritas" (the truth lies in wine). What is meant by the phrase is the tendency of drinkers to become talkative above a certain alcohol content and thus also to address things that they would otherwise have been careful not to say.

Luca Maroni

Luca Maroni, born in 1961, is one of the most distinguished and renowned wine connoisseurs in Italy. He has a background in wine journalism and, in addition to his expertise, acquired his keen judgment in this field. So far, he has tasted and rated over 2,300 different wines, for which he uses his own rating system, which reaches up to 100 points and is composed of the categories of consistency, balance and integrity. He has never given 100 points before. When asked about this, Luca Maroni replied half jokingly and half seriously that if he were to award 100 points, he would have achieved his goal and could retire.


The storability is one of the criteria that determine the quality of a wine. However, the old saying that wines taste better as they mature has lost much of its meaning. The reason for this is that wines are now mainly produced in such a way that they have their taste zenith after being opened quickly. Only about 3 to 10 percent of all wines improve with the storage time.

The remaining wines only have a shelf life of one to two years, with red wines tending to be the longest. This is not followed by the rosé wines, but the white wines, because rosé wines lose their light raspberry and strawberry aroma very quickly and should therefore be tasted the fastest.

Other factors for a long shelf life are a high proportion of natural preservatives alcohol, tannins, acids and residual sugar. Sulphites, the salts and esters of sulfuric acid, also increase the shelf life of a wine. The grape variety also determines the shelf life of a wine, as does the time of harvest. In general, older grape varieties have a longer shelf life than younger grape varieties. In addition, wines that have been stored in barriques are superior to wines that have been matured in seaweed in terms of shelf life. Finally, the pH value also has an influence on the shelf life of a wine. You can support the shelf life yourself through optimal storage conditions. A wine cellar and a wine cabinet are best suited for this, because the wine is best kept at constant temperatures of 10 to 12 degrees Celsius in dark rooms with high humidity.

Portugal has a wine culture that has a long shelf life is specialized. In Portugal, for example, high-quality wines are produced again and again, which only develop their full potential after years. Examples of highly storable Portuguese wines are the Madeira, Port, Moscatel de Setúbal, Garrafeira and the Reserva. The record for a long shelf life, however, is a wine from France. The tannat has such intense astringent proportions of tannins that it can only be tasted after 20 years without this unpleasant furry mouthfeel.


DOC and DOCG designation of origin created in the 1990s for wines from the hilly landscape of the same name in the Italian region of Piedmont, from which the famous DOCG Barolo and Barbaresco wines also come. A number of varietal wines and blends are marketed under the name of the appellation. In addition to the traditional Piedmontese grape varieties such as Nebbiolo, Barbera and Dolcetto, international grape varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay are also sold.


a demarcated vineyard area (single location) or the combination of several neighboring areas (large location) within a growing area or a municipality that can produce wines of a similar character.In Germany, single and large locations are legally defined as designations of origin for quality wines.


Collective name for a group of up to 60 northern Italian red wine grape varieties that are mainly cultivated in the Emilia-Romagna region, but also to a lesser extent in Lombardy, Apulia and Trentino-South Tyrol. Lambrusco is the main component of four DOC wines named after the variety: Lambrusco di Sorbara, Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro, Lambrusco di Salamino di Santa Croce and Lambrusco Mantovano. After lambruscow wines were almost exclusively vinified with strong foaming and sweet until the beginning of the 1990s, there have been more high-quality, dry fillings since then.


the totality of the grapes picked at harvest; its state of health, its quality, its careful treatment and its careful selection largely determine the quality of the wine.

La Cóte

largest growing area in the Swiss canton of Vaud, located on the north bank of Lake Geneva between Geneva and Lausanne. The gently rolling landscape has been attracting attention since the 1990s with interesting wines from Gutedel (Chasselas), Pinot Noir and Gamay.


indigenous red wine grape variety of the Italian province of South Tyrol, which is cultivated on almost 400 hectares of vineyards. According to some ampelographers, it should be related to the Teroldego and Marzemino varieties, possibly even to the French Syrah variety. Color-intensive, fruity wines are made from Lagrein, which are expanded in barriques to give them additional complexity.


smelling or tasting of milk, butter or cheese. A wine language term for wines with a lactic acid tinge.

La Mancha

D.O. designation of origin for wines from the autonomous Spanish region of Castile-La Mancha; The largest Spanish D.O. and at the same time the largest quality wine region in the world, with its 193,000 hectares of vineyards, takes up almost the entire southern half of the high plateau of the so-called Meseta. Mainly the white wine grape variety Airen is cultivated, but also white varieties such as Macabeo (Viura), Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc as well as the red Tempranillo (Cencibel), Grenache (Garnacha), Moravia, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah. The area produces mostly simple wines, but has potential for more sophisticated products.

La Tâche

famous Grand Cru appellation of the municipality of Vosne-Romanée on the Côte de Nuits in French Burgundy; Only Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) is cultivated on 6.10 hectares of vineyards, which produces very strong and aging wines.


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